A Pilot Study of the the impact of time trends on exercise frequency and enjoyment in college-age male and female students

Issue: Vol. 5 No 3

Published by Journal of Fitness Research, 08/12/2016. Volume 5.3

Tags: Physical Activity , Exercise , Frequency , Enjoyment , Time Trends , PACES

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  1. Jacob Brunnquell (Corresponding Author)
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology
  2. Katee Spaeth
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology
  3. Malorie Casalegno
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology
  4. Cole Gatzke
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology
  5. Scott Mateski
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology
  6. Matt Wiggins
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology
  7. Saori Braun
    University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire, Department of Kinesiology


Introduction: The breadth of research regarding time trends in exercise participation is miniscule, although it is a facet of exercise behavior and could contribute to exercise adherence. Furthermore, exercise enjoyment may also play a role in exercise adherence. The purpose of this study was to identify any correlation between exercise time trends on exercise enjoyment and frequency in order to identify times of the day when exercise may be more enjoyable.

Participants: Forty-one college-age participants completed the study, seventeen were male and twenty-four were female, ranging in age from 18 to 27.

Methods: Participants’ attendance to university fitness facilities were tracked for 3 weeks. A demographics survey was distributed before the data collection period. A survey measuring enjoyment called Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) was distributed to participants after data collection was completed.

Results: Two independent t-tests looking at exercise frequency and PACES scores between males and females indicated the average exercise frequency for males was significantly different than average exercise frequency for females (M = 8.75; SD = 7.71 vs. M = 2.79; SD = 3.81). A one-way ANOVA indicated that time trend categories was a significant predictor of exercise frequency, F(2, 37) = 7.01, MSE = 30.70, p = .003.Another one-way ANOVA indicated that time trend categories was a significant predictor of PACES scores,F(2,33) = 4.80, MSE = 166.01, p = .015. A Pearson correlation analysis revealed a significant correlation between exercise frequency and PACES scores (r = .390, p < .05).

Conclusions: Certain exercise time trends may be more efficient than others at promoting exercise enjoyment and frequency. It could be suggested that more frequent exercisers may enjoy exercise more.More research regarding time trends and their effect on frequency and enjoyment is needed; such data could aid in health promotion to sedentary populations.

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Article Title

A Pilot Study of the the impact of time trends on exercise frequency and enjoyment in college-age male and female students

Journal Title

Journal of Fitness Research Volume 5.3

Online Publication Date


Author Names

Jacob Brunnquell (Corresponding Author)
Katee Spaeth
Malorie Casalegno
Cole Gatzke
Scott Mateski
Matt Wiggins
Saori Braun

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