Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Journal of Fitness Research

Published by Australian Institute of Fitness
Editor in Chief:
Dr. Mark McKean
Adjunct Senior Research Fellow
University of the Sunshine Coast
ISSN: 2201-5655
Frequency: 3 issues 2014

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Our Editor-in-Chief is a member of Publication Integrity & Ethics (PIE) and the Journal of Fitness
Research is listed with PIE. Our Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement is
based on the Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors and the position statements developed
by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) at the 2nd World Conference on Research
Integrity, Singapore 2010.

Duties of Editors:
Publication decisions

The Management Team of Journal of Fitness Research, is responsible for deciding which of the
articles submitted to the journal should be published. The Management Team may be guided by
the policies of the journal's editorial board and constrained by such legal requirements as shall
then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Management Team
may confer with other editors or reviewers in making this decision.
Fair play
An editor at any time evaluate manuscripts for their intellectual content without regard to the
nature of the authors or the host institution including race, gender, sexual orientation, religious
belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors.
The editors and any editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted
manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other
editorial advisers, and the publisher, as appropriate. Journal of Fitness Research operates a
web-based submission system, which is run in a way that prevents unauthorised access. In the
case of a misconduct investigation, Journal of Fitness Research may disclose material to third
parties (e.g., an institutional investigation committee or other editors).
Journal of Fitness Research does not disclose reviewers’ identities. However, if reviewers wish to
disclose their names, this is permitted.
Disclosure and conflicts of interest
Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used in an editor's own
research without the express written consent of the author.
When genuine errors in published work are pointed out by readers, authors, or editors, which do
not render the work invalid, a correction (or erratum) will be published as soon as possible. The
online version of the paper may be corrected with a date of correction and a link to the printed
erratum. If the error renders the work or substantial parts of it invalid, the paper should be
retracted with an explanation as to the reason for retraction (i.e., honest error).
Ensuring the integrity of the published record – suspected research or publication
If serious concerns are raised by readers, reviewers, or others, about the conduct, validity, or
reporting of academic work, Journal of Fitness Research’s Management Team will initially
contact the authors and allow them to respond to the concerns. If that response is unsatisfactory,
Journal of Fitness Research will take this to the institutional level. In cases when concerns are
very serious and the published work is likely to influence clinical practice or public health, Journal
of Fitness Research may consider informing readers about these concerns, by issuing an
‘expression of concern’, while the investigation is ongoing.Once an investigation is concluded
Journal of Fitness Research will publish comment that explains the findings of the investigation.
Journal of Fitness Research may decide to retract a paper if the Editorial Board is convinced that
serious misconduct has happened even if an investigation by an institution or national body does
not recommend it.
Journal of Fitness Research will respond to all allegations or suspicions of research or
publication misconduct raised by readers, reviewers, or other editors. Cases of possible
plagiarism or duplicate/redundant publication will be assessed by the journal. In other cases,
Journal of Fitness Research may request an investigation by the institution or other appropriate
bodies (after seeking an explanation from the authors first and if that explanation is
Retracted papers will be retained online, and they will be prominently marked as a retraction in
all online versions, including the PDF, for the benefit of future readers.
Duties of Reviewers
Contribution to Editorial Decisions
Peer review assists the editor in making editorial decisions and through the editorial
communications with the author may also assist the author in improving the paper.
Any selected referee who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript or
knows that its prompt review will be impossible should notify the editor and excuse himself from
the review process.
Any manuscripts received for review must be treated as confidential documents. They must not
be shown to or discussed with others except as authorised by the editor.
Standards of Objectivity
Reviews should be conducted objectively. Personal criticism of the author is inappropriate.
Referees should express their views clearly with supporting arguments.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any
statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be
accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any
substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other
published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest
Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not
used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have
conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections
with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
Reviewer misconduct
Journal of Fitness Research Editors will take reviewer misconduct seriously and pursue any
allegation of breach of confidentiality, non-declaration of conflicts of interest (financial or nonfinancial),
inappropriate use of confidential material, or delay of peer review for competitive
advantage. Allegations of serious reviewer misconduct, such as plagiarism, will be taken to the
institutional level.
Duties of Authors
Reporting standards
Authors of reports of original research should present an accurate account of the work performed
as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented
accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others
to replicate the work. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical
behaviour and are unacceptable.
Data Access and Retention
Authors are asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review, and
should be prepared to provide public access to such data and should in any event be prepared to
retain such data for a reasonable time after publication.
Originality and Plagiarism
Authors should ensure that submitted work is original and has not been published elsewhere in
any language, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been
appropriately cited or quoted.
Applicable copyright laws and conventions should be followed. Copyright material (e.g. tables,
figures or extensive quotations) should be reproduced only with appropriate permission and
Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication
An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in
more than one journal or primary publication. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one
journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behaviour and is unacceptable.
Acknowledgement of Sources
Proper acknowledgement of the work of others must always be given. Authors should cite
publications that have been influential in determining the nature of the reported work.
Authorship of the Paper
Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the conception,
design, execution, or interpretation of the reported study. All those who have made significant
contributions should be listed as co-authors. Where there are others who have participated in
certain substantive aspects of the research project, they should be acknowledged or listed as
The corresponding author should ensure that all appropriate co-authors and no inappropriate coauthors
are included on the paper, and that all co-authors have seen and approved the final
version of the paper and have agreed to its submission for publication.
If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent
in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.
Reporting of research involving humans or animals
Appropriate approval, licensing or registration should be obtained before the research begins and
details should be provided in the report (e.g. Institutional Review Board, Research Ethics
Committee approval, national licensing authorities for the use of animals).
If requested by editors, authors should supply evidence that reported research received the
appropriate approval and was carried out ethically (e.g. copies of approvals, licences, participant
consent forms).
Researchers should not generally publish or share identifiable individual data collected in the
course of research without specific consent from the individual (or their representative).
The appropriate statistical analyses should be determined at the start of the study and a data
analysis plan for the pre-specified outcomes should be prepared and followed. Secondary or post
hoc analyses should be distinguished from primary analyses and those set out in the data
analysis plan. Researchers should publish all meaningful research results that might contribute to
Authors should supply research protocols to journal editors if requested (e.g. for clinical trials) so
that reviewers and editors can compare the research report to the protocol to check that it was
carried out as planned and that no relevant details have been omitted. Researchers should follow
relevant requirements for clinical trial registration and should include the trial registration number
in all publications arising from the trial.
Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest
All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of
interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All
sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.
Fundamental errors in published works
When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the
author’s obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor
to retract or correct the paper.