Accuracy of the body adiposity index and body adiposity index FELS compared with air displacement plethysmography

Issue: Vol. 5 No 3

Published by Journal of Fitness Research, 08/12/2016. Volume 5.3

Tags: Body Composition , Body Fat Percentage , Health Risk , Body Adiposity , Prediction Equations

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  1. Justin R. Brown (Corresponding Author)
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
  2. Laura M. Young
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
  3. Trever J. Ball
    Department of Exercise and Sport Science, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, Utah
  4. Andrew T. Del Pozzi
    School of Kinesiology, Ball State University, Muncie, IN

Abstract

The Body Adiposity Index (BAI) estimates a person’s percent body fat using hip circumference and height. A slight variation of the BAI from the FELS longitudinal study (BAIFELS) has more recently proposed to estimate percent body fat better than the BAI.

Purpose: Assess criterion validity of the BAI and BAIFELS with air displacement plethysmography (ADP).

Methods: Percent body fat was estimated for 1636 volunteer healthy adults (881M; 755F, age: 36.9 ±10.5 yrs; BMI: 25.4 ± 4.6 kg/m2) using ADP and BAI and BAIFELS. Differences in percent body fat between ADP, BAI, and BAIFELS were tested using an repeated measure ANOVA with post hoc analyses. Agreement between methods was tested using Bland-Altman plots.

Results: Differences in percent body fat between each method were statistically significant (p<.05).Percent body fat assessed by ADP correlated moderately with BAI (r=0.534, p<0.001), BAIFELS (r=0.526, p<0.001),and BMI (r=0.476, p<0.001).BAI and BAIFELS underestimated percent body fat compared to ADP on average 2.1% and 1.1% respectively. BAI equations overestimated percent body fat for lean persons and overestimated percent body fat for overweight or obese persons.Agreement between BAI, BAIFELS was poor with wide limits of agreement.

Conclusion: BAI and BAIFELS are easier and less expensive alternatives to estimate percent body fat in humans compared to ADP. However, health risk due to body fat will be better estimated using either ADP or waist circumference and waist-to-hip ration in addition to an BAI.BAI would be most suitable where resources for estimating percent body fat are most limited.

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Article Title

Accuracy of the body adiposity index and body adiposity index FELS compared with air displacement plethysmography

Journal Title

Journal of Fitness Research Volume 5.3

Online Publication Date

08/12/2016

Author Names

Justin R. Brown (Corresponding Author)
Laura M. Young
Trever J. Ball
Andrew T. Del Pozzi

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